|Author:||Al-Assaf, Amani ; Salman, Amer Z. ; Fisher, Franklin M. ; Al-Karablieh, Emad|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Jordan is one of the poorest countries in terms of water resources. Hence, the government constantly searches for the optimal use of water. This is especially important in agriculture, which accounts for about 71% of water consumption. In the main agricultural production zone, the Jordan Valley, the Jordan Valley Authority (JVA) has applied different water policies. In particular, in recent years, the JVA effectively prohibited production in the spring season by greatly reducing the water supplied to agriculture. The objective of this study is an analysis of trade -offs among the use of different water resources in Southern Shounah in the Jordan Valley and to estimate the optimal allocation of water in order to investigate the efficiency of JVA policies. In light of the findings outlined below, we have concluded that the spring-season policy was not effective since the main crop produced in the Southern Shounah is banana. Water consumption in the region remained as it was before applying this policy: 32.48 million cubic meters (MCM). Because banana production depends on groundwater resources, which are only owned by a small number of rich farmers, we found that, if banana planting were prohibited, water savings would reach 13.08 MCM but would be accompanied by a reduction in net income of 59%. Similarly, we find that saving water by increasing water prices would be an expensive policy if the price raised were that of groundwater used for bananas. The study suggests changing the current cropping pattern to one that can come close to the highest agricultural income of US$33.85 million, while reducing water consumption by about 13.0 MCM.
|Journal ISO:||Water Int.|
|Publisher:||INT WATER RESOURCES ASSOC|
water policy; cropping pattern; water sources
|Source:||Web of Science|