|Author:||Holloway-Phillips, M. M. ; Peng, W. ; Smith, D. ; Terhorst, A.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The technological demands required to successfully practice either targeted irrigation control and/or deficit irrigation strategies are currently reliant on numerical models which are often underutilised due to their complexity and low operational focus. A simple and practical real-time control system is proposed using a model-data fusion approach, which integrates information from soil water representation models and heterogeneous sensor data sources. The system uses real-time soil moisture measurements provided by an in situ sensor network to generate site-specific soil water retention curves. This information is then used to predict the rate of soil drying. The decision to irrigate is made when soil water content drops below a pre-defined threshold and when the probability of rainfall is low. A deficit strategy can be incorporated by lowering the irrigation "refill" point and setting the fill amount to a proportion of field capacity. Computer simulations show how significant water savings can be achieved through improved utilisation of rainfall water by plants, spatially targeted irrigation application, and precision timing through adaptive control.
decision making, drainage, field capacity, irrigationscheduling, sensors, simulation models, soil water content, soil waterretention, water deficit, water use efficiency, Australia, Australasia,Oceania, Developed Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, OECD Countries,choice, irrigation management, Soil Physics (JJ300), Soil WaterManagement (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Mathematics and Statistics (ZZ100)