Agro-physiological performance and water-use of maize (Zea mays) as influenced by irrigation methods during winter season in Bihar plains.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2008
Month Published: NA
Author: Sanjeev, Kumar ; Gupta, H. S. ; Singh, A. K.
Book Group Author: NA

A field experiment was conducted during winter (rabi) seasons of 2005-06 and 2006-07 to evaluate the performance of different maize cultivars under ridge and furrow method of irrigation and Low Energy Water Application (LEWA) system of irrigation in winter season. The results revealed that among the cultivars 'FH 3352' produced significantly higher grain yield and protein content over all other cultivars in both the years. LEWA irrigated maize produced 6.7 and 10.4% more grain yield and higher water-use efficiency (241.0 and 255.2 kg/ha-cm) over ridge and furrow irrigated maize respectively in both the years. Relative leaf water content was also found significantly higher (89.3 and 91.8%) in LEWA irrigated maize and reverse trend in case of water saturation deficit. It is imperative to say that LEWA system of irrigation is quite efficient for maize crop over ridge and furrow method of irrigation. Among the cultivars, 'FH 3352' a medium duration cultivar can be grown successfully as winter crop in the eastern plains for higher yield.

Pages: 887 - 889
Volume: 78
Number: 10
Journal: Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0019-5022

crop yield, cultivars, furrow irrigation, irrigationsystems, leaves, maize, plant water relations, protein content, ridges,saturation deficit, water content, water use efficiency, Bihar, India,Zea mays, India, South Asia, Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth ofNations, Zea, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, corn, cultivated varieties, FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Breeding and Genetics (FF020),Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Soil WaterManagement (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Crop Produce (QQ050), Food Compositionand Quality (QQ500)

Source: EBSCO
Series Number:
Document Type:
Subject Category: