Association between canopy reflectance indices and yield and physiological traits in bread wheat under drought and well-irrigated conditions.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2004
Month Published: NA
Author: Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, M. ; Reynolds, M. P. ; Escalante-Estrada, J. A. ; Rodríguez-González, M. T.
Book Group Author: NA

Spectral reflectance (SR) indices [NDVI (R900-R680/R900+R680); GNDVI (R780-R550/R780+R550); and water index, WI (R900/R970)]; and 6 chlorophyll indices (R740/R720, NDI=R750-R705/R750+R705, R780-R710/R780-R680, R850-R710/R850-R680, mND=R750-R705/R750+R705-2R445, and mSR=R750-R445/R705-R445) were measured with a FieldSpec spectroradiometer (Analytical Spectral Devices, Boulder, CO) on bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes adapted to irrigated and drought conditions to establish their relationship with yield in field-grown plots. Bread wheat genotypes from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) were used for this study in 3 experiments: 8 genotypes in a trial representing historical progress in yield potential, and 3 pairs of near-isolines for Lr19, both of which were grown under well-watered conditions; and the third experiment included 20 drought tolerant advanced genotypes grown under moisture stress. These were grown during the 2000 and 2001 spring cycles in a temperate, high radiation environment in Obregón, NW México. The 9 SR indices were determined during grain filling along with canopy temperature depression (CTD), flag leaf photosynthetic rate, and chlorophyll estimates using a SPAD meter. The relationship of SR indices with grain yield and biomass fitted best with a linear model. NDVI and GNDVI showed positive relationships with grain yield and biomass under well-irrigated conditions (r=0.35-0.92), whereas NDVI showed a stronger association with yield under drought conditions (r=0.54). The 6 chlorophyll indices showed significant association with yield and biomass of wheat genotypes grown under well-irrigated conditions (r=0.39-0.90). The association between chlorophyll indices and chlorophyll estimates was correlated (r=0.38-0.92), as was the case for photosynthetic rate (r=0.36-0.75). WI showed a significant relationship with grain yield in wheat genotypes grown under drought stress conditions (r=0.60) as well as with grain yield and biomass under well-irrigated conditions (r=0.52-0.91). The relationship between WI and CTD was significant (P≤0.05) in both environments (r=0.44-0.84). In conclusion, the SR showed potential for identifying higher-yielding genotypes in a breeding program under dry or irrigated conditions, as well as for estimating some physiological parameters.

Pages: 1139 - 1147
Volume: 55
Number: 11
Journal: Australian Journal of Agricultural Research
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0004-9409

adaptation, canopy, chlorophyll, crop yield, drought,drought resistance, flag leaf, genotypes, irrigation, light relations,lines, photosynthesis, reflectance, water stress, wheat, Mexico,Triticum, Triticum aestivum, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Triticum, North America,America, Developing Countries, Threshold Countries, Latin America, OECDCountries, carbon assimilation, carbon dioxide fixation, crown cover,drought tolerance, leaf canopy, watering, Field Crops (FF005) (New March2000), Plant Breeding and Genetics (FF020), Plant Physiology andBiochemistry (FF060), Plant Production (FF100), Environmental Toleranceof Plants (FF900), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]

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