|Book Group Author:||NA|
This study aims to examine the importance of the drip method of irrigation (DMI) in the context of sustainable water use covering 2 water-intensive crops (sugarcane and banana) in India. Its specific objectives are: to study the productivity of sugarcane and banana under drip and non-drip irrigated conditions; and to analyse the economic viability of drip irrigation in sugarcane and banana. Data are obtained from 100 sample farmers (50 drop and 50 non-drop adopters) from Ahmednagar and Jalgaon districts in Maharashtra during the years 1998-99 for sugarcane and 1993-94 for banana. Results show that water saving due to DMI over the method of flood irrigation is about 47% in sugarcane and 29% in banana. Water required to produce one quintal of sugarcane under DMI is only 1.33 horse power (HP) hours of water against the requirement of 3.17 HP hours of water under flood method irrigation (FMI). The same trend is observed in the banana crop. It is indicated that drip investment is economically viable even without subsidy. However, the coverage of this technology is very limited except in states like Maharashtra. It is suggested that considering the fast decline of irrigation water availability and low water use efficiency under FMI, appropriate measures need to be introduced to increase the area under DMI in order to avoid a supply-demand gap in water use in the coming years.
|Pages:||427 - 437|
|Journal:||Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics|
bananas, cost benefit analysis, crop production, efficiency,irrigated farming, irrigation, irrigation systems, sugarcane, wateravailability, water management, water supply, water use, India,Maharashtra, Musa, Musa paradisiaca, Saccharum, Saccharum officinarum,Musaceae, Zingiberales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta,plants, eukaryotes, Musa, Poaceae, Cyperales, Saccharum, South Asia,Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, waterresource management, water supplies, watering, Agricultural Economics(EE110), Horticultural Economics (EE111) (New March 2000), NaturalResource Economics (EE115) (New March 2000), Horticultural Crops (FF003)(New March 2000), Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Production(FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Water Resources(PP200)