|Author:||Jensen, M. E.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Parameters for accounting for water balance on irrigation projects have evolved over the past century. Development of the classic term irrigation efficiency is summarized along with recent modifications such as effective irrigation efficiency. The need for terms that describe measurable water balance components of irrigated agriculture is very important, as demands and competition for available renewable water supplies continue to increase with increasing populations. Examples of irrigation efficiency studies conducted during the past few decades are summarized along with related irrigation terminology. Traditional irrigation efficiency terminology has served a valid purpose for nearly a century in assisting engineers to design better irrigation systems and assisting specialists to develop improved irrigation management practices. It still has utility for engineers designing components of irrigation systems. However, newer irrigation-related terminology better describes the performance and productivity of irrigated agriculture. On a river-basin level, improved terminology is needed to adequately describe how well water resources are used within the basin. Brief suggestions for improving irrigation water management are presented.
|Pages:||233 - 245|
demand, irrigated farming, irrigation, irrigation systems,irrigation water, water balance, water management, water supply, wateruse, water use efficiency, water resource management, water supplies,watering, Plant Production (FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigationand Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]