|Author:||van Keulen, A. ; Smith, M. ; Renault, D.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
A range of techniques and technologies are available that will ensure a more effective use of water for agricultural production, both in rainfall and in irrigated agriculture. Investment, advice, technical guidance and financial support to the users are all required to make sure that the initial constraints linked to the introduction and management of new water management techniques and technologies are adequately addressed. Putting farmers in charge of water development and management has proved effective to achieve efficient and sustainable water management systems and to increase water productivity. This is evident in the transfer of management of irrigation systems to the immediate beneficiaries and through the formation of water users association. However, a single agency is not capable to deliver all the required support functions. An appraisal of the agencies and institutions, both governmental and non-governmental, active in the project area, needs to be undertaken to assess the type of support that they can deliver. There is a need to define the roles and tasks for staff at provincial, district, communal and/or village level, such as advising on the problems the farmers have with the existing irrigation techniques, and conducting farmers' seasonal planning and training exercises. Adequate attention needs to be given to co-ordination of the activities in the implementation of planning, training and extension (PT&E) to ensure timely inputs and contributions from all participating parties.
extension, farmers, farmers' associations, Food andAgriculture Organization, irrigation systems, planning, training, watermanagement, water use efficiency, advisory services, extensionactivities, FAO, farmers' circles, water resource management, WaterResources (PP200), Agencies and Organizations (DD100), Plant WaterRelations (FF062), Community Participation and Development (UU450) (NewMarch 2000), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Education andTraining (CC100), Extension and Advisory Work (CC200)