Capacity of soils to buffer impact of climate variability and value of seasonal forecasts.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Wang, Enli ; Cresswell, H. ; Xu, J. ; Jiang, QiAng
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Soil provides a buffer to store water for use by plants between rainfall (or irrigation) events. This paper presents a study on how the plant available water holding capacity (PAWC) of soil interacts with rainfall variability and nitrogen input level to determine wheat yield, water use and the potential value of seasonal forecasting in nitrogen (N) management in southeast Australia. An agricultural production systems model was used to simulate those interactions. Results show that optimising N management towards maximum economic return led to increased production risk. Wheat yield, gross margin and crop water use increased, while deep drainage decreased with increasing soil PAWC. In high rainfall areas where the risk of crop loss was generally small, increased soil PAWC reduced the variability in gross margin, leading to higher yield, less water loss by deep drainage, and reduced potential value of seasonal forecasts. In low rainfall areas, the increase in wheat yield, gross margin and crop water use with increase in soil PAWC was much smaller due to limited rainfall. In those dry regions, the potential value of seasonal climate forecasts was simulated to increase with increased soil PAWC. Soils with higher PAWC enabled more rainfall to be used by crops, but did not change the seasonal crop water use efficiency in terms of kg grain produced per unit water consumed by evapotranspiration.

Pages: 38 - 50
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20093040399&site=ehost-live
Volume: 149
Number: 1
Journal: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0168-1923
DOI: NA
Keywords:

climatic change, crop yield, drainage, nitrogen fertilizers,plant water relations, rain, water holding capacity, water use, wateruse efficiency, wheat, Australia, Triticum, Triticum aestivum,Australasia, Oceania, Developed Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, OECDCountries, Triticum, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, climate change, rainfall, Field Crops(FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), PlantProduction (FF100), Soil Physics (JJ300), Fertilizers and otherAmendments (JJ700), Meteorology and Climate (PP500)

Source: EBSCO
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