Characterizing leaf gas exchange responses of cotton to full and limited irrigation conditions.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Ko, J. H. ; Piccinni, G.
Book Group Author: NA

Plant responses to water deficit need to be monitored for producing a profitable crop as water deficit is a major constraint on crop yield. The objective of this study was to evaluate physiological responses of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) to various environmental conditions under limited water availability using commercially available varieties grown in South Texas. Soil moisture and variables of leaf gas exchange were measured to monitor water deficit for various varieties under different irrigation treatments. Lint yield and growth variables were also measured and correlations among growth parameters of interest were investigated. Significant differences were found in soil moisture, leaf net assimilation (An), stomatal conductance (g), transpiration rate (Tr), and instantaneous water use efficiency (WUEi) among irrigation treatments in 2006 while no significant differences were found in these parameters in 2007. Some leaf gas exchange parameters, e.g., Tr, and leaf temperature (TL) have strong correlations with An and g. An and WUE were increased by 30-35% and 30-40%, respectively, at 600 µmol (CO2) m-2 s-1 in comparison with 400 µmol (CO2) m-2 s-1. Lint yield was strongly correlated with g, Tr, WUE, and soil moisture at 60 cm depth. Relative An, Tr, and TL started to decrease from FTSW 0.3 at 60 cm and FTSW 0.2 at 40 cm. The results demonstrate that plant water status under limited irrigation management can be qualitatively monitored using the measures of soil moisture as well as leaf gas exchange, which in turn can be useful for describing yield reduction due to water deficit. We found that using normalized An, Tr, and TL is feasible to quantify plant water deficit.

Pages: 77 - 89
Volume: 112
Number: 1
Journal: Field Crops Research
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0378-4290

cotton, crop yield, drought, gas exchange, leaf conductance,leaves, net assimilation rate, photosynthesis, plant water relations,stomata, stress, stress response, transpiration, water stress, water useefficiency, Texas, USA, Gossypium, Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium,Malvaceae, Malvales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, Southern Plains States of USA, West South Central States ofUSA, Southern States of USA, USA, North America, America, DevelopedCountries, OECD Countries, Great Plains States of USA, Gulf States ofUSA, carbon assimilation, carbon dioxide fixation, NAR, United States ofAmerica, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Environmental Tolerance of Plants (FF900)

Source: EBSCO
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