|Book Group Author:||NA|
A recent joint study by Sydney University and NSW Agriculture, conducted in the Murray Darling basin of New South Wales, Australia, demonstrated the potential benefits of converting to micro-irrigation using specific economical management processes. Various crops were studied including citrus, cherry, cotton and lucerne, which were initially operating with a low water use efficiency due to poor management and inefficient irrigation systems. The advantages of a well-designed micro-irrigation system are discussed. The well-established soil pit method, applied to these advanced irrigation systems, provides reliable visual evidence of water flow within soils of any particular field. Attaining an optimum soil moisture distribution for broad area, bed/rows and permanent crops is achieved by determining the best spacing of drippers and drip lines for a given soil and crop.
|Pages:||43 - 44, 46|
|Journal:||International Water & Irrigation|
cherries, cotton, crop production, demand, emitters,irrigation, irrigation equipment, irrigation systems, lucerne,microirrigation, plant water relations, soil water, soil water movement,technology, trickle irrigation, water allocation, water distribution,water requirements, water supply, water use efficiency, Citrus,Gossypium, Medicago, Medicago sativa, Prunus, Rutaceae, Sapindales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Malvaceae,Malvales, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales, Medicago, Rosaceae,Rosales, alfalfa, Rutales, soil moisture, subsurface flow, watersupplies, watering, Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Forage and Fodder Crops (FF007) (NewMarch 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100),Soil Physics (JJ300), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management],Agricultural and Forestry Equipment (General) (NN400)