|Author:||Swaef, T. de ; Steppe, K. ; Lemeur, R.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The use of plant water status indicators such as midday stem water potential (Ψstem) and maximum daily trunk shrinkage (MDS) in irrigation scheduling requires the definition of a reference or threshold value, beyond which irrigation is necessary. These reference values are generally obtained by comparing the seasonal variation of plant water status with the environmental conditions under non-limiting soil water availability. In the present study an alternative approach is presented based on the plant's response to water deficit. A drought experiment was carried out on two apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh. 'Mutsu' and 'Cox Orange') in which both indicators (Ψstem and MDS) were related to several plant physiological responses. Sap flow rates, maximum net photosynthesis rates and daily radial stem growth (DRSG) (derived from continuous stem diameter variation measurements) were considered in the assessment of the approach. Depending on the chosen plant response in relationship with Ψstem or MDS, the obtained reference values varied between -1.04 and -1.46 MPa for Ψstem and between 0.17 and 0.28 mm for MDS. In both cultivars, the approach based on maximum photosynthesis rates resulted in less negative Ψstem values and smaller MDS values, compared to the approaches with sap flow and daily radial stem growth. In the well-irrigated apple trees, day-to-day variations in midday Ψstem and MDS were related to the evaporative demand. These variations were more substantial for MDS than for midday Ψstem.
|Pages:||541 - 550|
|Journal:||Agricultural Water Management|
apples, branches, determination, drought resistance,irrigation, irrigation scheduling, photosynthesis, plant waterrelations, sap flow, shrinkage, stems, water deficit, Malus, Malusdomestica, Malus pumila, Malus, Rosaceae, Rosales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, carbon assimilation,carbon dioxide fixation, drought tolerance, sap ascent, watering,Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Physiology andBiochemistry (FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062), EnvironmentalTolerance of Plants (FF900), Soil Water Management (Irrigation andDrainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]