Development of a Best Management Practice for nitrogen fertigation of corn using SDI.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2004
Month Published: NA
Author: Lamm, F. R. ; Schlegel, A. J. ; Clark, G. A.
Book Group Author: NA

A four-year study was conducted in western Kansas on a deep, well-drained, loessial Keith silt loam (Aridic Argiustoll; fine silty, mixed, mesic) to develop a Best Management Practice (BMP) for nitrogen (N) fertigation for corn using subsurface drip irrigation (SDI). Residual ammonium- and nitrate-N levels in the soil profile, corn yields, apparent nitrogen uptake (ANU), and water use efficiency (WUE) were utilized as criteria for evaluating six different N fertigation rates, 0, 90, 135, 180, 225, and 275 kg/ha. A BMP was developed indicating an N fertigation level of 180 kg/ha with the total applied N including other N-sources of approximately 215 kg/ha. The BMP also states that irrigation is to be scheduled and limited to replace approximately 75% of crop evapotranspiration (ETc). Corn yield, ANU, and WUE all plateaued at the same level of total applied N that corresponded to the 180-kg/ha N fertigation rate. Average yield for the 180-kg/ha N fertigation rate was 13.4 Mg/ha. Corn yield to ANU ratio for the 180-kg/ha N fertigation rate was high (53:1). Results emphasize that high-yielding corn production also can be efficient in nutrient and water use. The BMP can be used for managing SDI fertigation of corn on the deep silt loam soils of western Kansas.

Pages: 211 - 220
Volume: 20
Number: 2
Journal: Applied Engineering in Agriculture
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0883-8542

ammonium, application rates, crop yield, fertigation, maize,Mollisols, nitrate nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nutrient uptake,plant nutrition, plant water relations, silt loam soils, soil types,subsurface irrigation, trickle irrigation, water use efficiency, Kansas,USA, Zea mays, Zea, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Northern Plains States of USA, WestNorth Central States of USA, North Central States of USA, USA, NorthAmerica, America, Developed Countries, OECD Countries, Great PlainsStates of USA, corn, fertirrigation, United States of America, FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Nutrition (FF061), Plant WaterRelations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Fertilizers and otherAmendments (JJ700), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]

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