|Author:||Kassab, M. M.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Two field experiments were conducted at Sakha Agricultural Research Station, Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, North Nile Delta region, Egypt, during the two growing seasons of 2003/2004 and 2004/2005. This study was conducted to assess dry cultivation of Egyptian clover (Berseem [Trifolium alexandrinum]) as an effective way for water saving instead of the common wet cultivation. The two cultivation methods were compared using four different equations and methods for the amount of irrigation water. These methods were: (1) using soil moisture depletion method (SMD); (2) watering till 5.0 cm above soil surface; (3) using the Ibrahim equation; and (4) evaporation pan equation. Dry cultivation of Berseem resulted in a saving water of 145.0 m3/fed and a yield, which is rather similar to the yield obtained by the wet cultivation method; and higher values of yield per unit of applied water (WUE) as well as consumed water (WU + E) averaging 17.54 and 17.49 kg/m3, respectively.
|Pages:||355 - 366|
|Journal:||Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor|
arid lands, crop production, crop yield, dry farming,equations, irrigation, irrigation scheduling, plant water relations,water use efficiency, Egypt, Trifolium alexandrinum, North Africa,Africa, Mediterranean Region, Middle East, Developing Countries,Trifolium, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales, dicotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, dryland farming, watering, Forage andFodder Crops (FF007) (New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100), SoilWater Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Mathematics and Statistics (ZZ100)