|Author:||Hiren, Tilala ; Shiyani, R. L.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
This study was conducted to: examine the impact of water harvesting structures of Raj Samadhiyala in North Saurashtra agroclimatic zone in Gujarat, India, on the cropping pattern, yield and income of farmers in the area; explore the inequality between the income of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the structures; and estimate the water use efficiency in major crops of the area, viz., groundnut, cotton, and wheat. It was found that water harvesting structures has multi-faceted advantages to the beneficiaries of the structures, including: increase in yield and net income from the major crops produced, reduction in unit cost of production, efficient utilization of resources, higher labour productivity, decline in income inequality, and improvement in water use efficiency (54.13% for groundnut, 23.33% for cotton, and 71.37% for wheat). It is suggested that more attention must be given on water-saving technologies than on land-saving and water-using technologies. Mass campaign must be conducted to educate farmers on growing the right kind of crops and sharing of water resources.
cotton, crop production, crop yield, economic impact,farmers' income, freshwater structures, groundnuts, irrigation, plantwater relations, water harvesting, water use efficiency, wheat, Gujarat,India, Arachis hypogaea, Gossypium, Triticum, Triticum aestivum,Arachis, Fabaceae, Fabales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta,plants, Malvaceae, Malvales, India, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, Triticum, Poaceae, Cyperales,monocotyledons, peanuts, precipitation trapping, runoff collection,watering, Agricultural Economics (EE110), Income and Poverty (EE950),Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062),Plant Production (FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation andDrainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]