Effect of available soil moisture depletion levels and topping treatments on growth rate and total dry biomass in chickpea.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2008
Month Published: NA
Author: Muhammad, Aslam ; Ahmad, H. K. ; Himayatullah ; Muhammad, Ayaz ; Ejaz, Ahmad ; Muhammad, Arshad
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

The response of chickpea to 4 available soil moisture depletion levels (ASMDL1-50%, ASMDL2-65%, ASMDL3-80% and ASMDL4-95%) and 4 topping treatments (T1-nipping at 5 cm from ground level, T2-nipping at 10 cm from ground level, T3-removal of 2 cm growing tips, T4-control) were studied in Pakistan, during the 2004/05 and 2005/06 cropping seasons. Crop growth rate and total dry biomass was significantly affected by ASMDL and topping treatments. Maximum plant height was recorded in ASMDL1 (68.93 cm) and decreased by 25% by severe cutting (T1). Number of pod-bearing branches per plant was maximum (19.61) in ASMDL3 × T3, which was declared by 50% in ASMDL1 × T1. T1 delayed maturity and reduced 34% flower duration. Water deficit (ASMDL4) decreased by 23% the total dry biomass and maximum water use efficiency (48.18 kg/ha/mm) for total dry matter was recorded in ASMDL3. Biological yield was decreased by 22% severe topping (T1). Maximum crop growth rate (14.10 g/m2/day) was recorded in ASMDL3 × T3 during 2005-06. It was concluded that 80% available soil moisture depletion level (ASMDL3) with mild topping (T3) proved to be the best for higher CGR (11.77 g/m2/day) and total dry matter (7644.22 kg/ha) in chickpea.

Pages: 229 - 243
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20093106329&site=ehost-live
Volume: 46
Number: 3
Journal: Journal of Agricultural Research (Lahore)
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0368-1157
DOI: NA
Keywords:

branches, chickpeas, crop yield, plant height, plant waterrelations, pods, soil water, water use efficiency, yield components,Pakistan, Cicer arietinum, Cicer, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, SouthAsia, Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, soilmoisture, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Physics (JJ300)

Source: EBSCO
Series:
Series Number:
Document Type:
Subject Category: