Effect of drip and sprinkler irrigation system on growth and yield of American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2005
Month Published: NA
Author: Nilesh, Biwalkar ; Gulati, H. S. ; Mukund, Narayan
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted to compare the performance of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems on the growth and yield-related parameters of American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) cv. L-846 at the research farm of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India. There were two levels of irrigation (i.e., low and high, with IW/CPE ratios of 0.75 and 1.00, respectively); and two methods of fertilizer application in drip (i.e., manual application and fertigation). The result shows that plant height was maximum in the sprinkler system (159.10 cm) compared with the drip system (158.90 cm) with low level of irrigation using fertigation. The number of bolls per plant was maximum in the drip system (22.96) with low level of irrigation, and in sprinkler system (22.20) having treatment of fertigation, respectively. There was no significant difference between all treatments in quality traits (i.e., fibre length, micronaire, fibre maturity coefficient, fibre bundle strength and oil content). The maximum yield (31.10 q/ha) was found in the drip system with low level of irrigation followed by sprinkler system (28.60 q/ha) with high level of irrigation. Water use efficiency (0.47 q/ha-cm) and nitrogen use efficiency (41.47 q/ha-kg) was higher in the drip system compared to the sprinkler system.

Pages: 33 - 37
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20063049001&site=ehost-live
Volume: 16
Number: 1/2
Journal: Bioved
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0971-0108
DOI: NA
Keywords:

application methods, bolls, cotton, crop quality, cropyield, fertigation, fibre quality, growth, irrigation systems, maturity,nitrogen, plant development, plant height, sprinkler irrigation, trickleirrigation, use efficiency, water use efficiency, India, Gossypium,Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium, Malvaceae, Malvales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, Punjab (India), Field Crops (FF005)(New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]

Source: EBSCO
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