|Author:||Seyfi, K. ; Rashidi, M.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Field experiments were conducted in Iran to study the influence of three irrigation methods corresponding to conventional (surface), drip and drip in combination with plastic mulch on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo cv. Varamin Samsoori) during 2004 and 2005. Three different irrigation methods i.e., conventional, (CI), drip (DI) and drip in combination with plastic mulch (DI + PM) were applied to cantaloupe between emergence and harvest. Number of fruits per plant, fruit weight and fruit thickness (yield components) were measured and consequently crop yield and water use efficiency (WUE) were determined for all treatments. Data suggested that irrigation method significantly (P≤0.01) affected the fruit weight and fruit thickness, but not the number of fruits per plant. The highest fruit weight and fruit thickness was obtained for the DI + PM treatment and lowest for the CI treatment. The results of the study also indicated that irrigation method significantly affects cantaloupe yield in the order of DI + PM > DI > CI owing to differences in fruit weight and fruit thickness in the same order. The crop yield was highest (27.07 t ha-1) for the DI + PM treatment. The yield from DI treatment was intermediate, but the lowest (22.47 t ha-1) was from the CI treatment. The highest WUE (0.91 t ha-1 cm-1) was obtained from DI + PM treatment and lowest (22.47 t ha-1 cm-1) from CI treatment. The DI + PM treatment was found to be more effective than the other treatments in improving WUE and increasing cantaloupe yield.
|Pages:||247 - 249|
|Journal:||International Journal of Agriculture and Biology|
crop quality, crop yield, fruits, irrigation, melons,mulching, plant water relations, surface irrigation, trickle irrigation,water use, water use efficiency, yield components, Iran, Cucumis melo,West Asia, Asia, Middle East, Developing Countries, Threshold Countries,Cucumis, Cucurbitaceae, Violales, dicotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, watering, Horticultural Crops (FF003)(New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management], Soil Management (JJ900)