Effect of irrigation and crop residue management on crop and soil productivity under soybean-sorghum cropping system.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2002
Month Published: NA
Author: Bharambe, P. R. ; Tajuddin, A. H. ; Oza, S. R. ; Shelke,D. K.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted during 1993-94 to study the effect of sugarcane trash incorporation and irrigation to soyabean crop productivity and its residual effect on succeeding crop under soyabean-rabi sorghum cropping system grown on Parbhani clay soil (Vertisol) in Maharashtra, India. It was observed that soyabean significantly responded to irrigation application during flowering and grain formation. Sugarcane trash incorporation with irrigation to soyabean recorded significantly higher grain yield, increased water use efficiency, protein and oil contents of soyabean. Sugarcane trash applied at 5 t ha-1 increased sorghum grain yield by 22% than the control. Sugarcane trash at 5 t ha-1 + 80 kg N, 40 kg P2O5 and 40 kg K2O ha-1 recorded the highest grain and fodder yields of sorghum. It also increased the concentration of N, P, K and their uptake in sorghum plant. Crop residue incorporation considerably improved the soil properties such as decreased bulk density and increased per cent water stable aggregates >0.25 mm, infiltration rate, organic carbon, available N, P and K content in soil at the harvest of second crop in soyabean-sorghum sequence.

Pages: 233 - 236
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20033006382&site=ehost-live
Volume: 50
Number: 3
Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0019-638X
DOI: NA
Keywords:

application rates, bulk density, chemical composition, cropproduction, crop residues, crop yield, cropping systems, infiltration,irrigation, nitrogen, phosphorus, plant composition, plant waterrelations, potassium, productivity, protein content, soil density, soilorganic matter, soil types, soyabeans, sugarcane, sugarcane trash,Vertisols, water use efficiency, India, Maharashtra, Glycine (Fabaceae),Glycine max, Saccharum, Saccharum officinarum, Sorghum, Papilionoideae,Fabaceae, Fabales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, Glycine (Fabaceae), Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons,Saccharum, South Asia, Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth ofNations, India, chemical constituents of plants, organic matter in soil,soybeans, watering, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), PlantComposition (FF040), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Soil Chemistry and Mineralogy(JJ200), Fertilizers and other Amendme

Source: EBSCO
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