Effect of irrigation and nutrients levels on productivity and profitability of sunflower (Helianthus annuus).

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Yadav, R. P. ; Tripathi, M. L. ; Trivedi, S. K.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

A field trial was conducted for 3 consecutive spring season from 2005-06 to 2007-08 on sandy loam soil to study the effect of irrigation and nutrients on productivity, profitability and water use efficiency of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) at Morena, Madhya Pradesh. Irrigation applied at 8 days interval significantly improved the plant height, leave/plant, head diameter, weight/head, seed weight/head, 1,000-seed weight, nutrient use (12.83 kg seed/kg nutrients), production efficiency (21.81 kg/ha/day), seed yield (1.86 t/ha), stalk yield (6.57 t/ha), N, P and K uptake, net profit (Rs 12,885/ha) and B:C ratio (1.85) and recorded 24.21% and 58.19% higher seed yield of sunflower over 12 and 16 days irrigation interval. However, maximum water use efficiency (65.45 kg/ha-cm) was obtained with 16 days irrigation interval. Similarly the nutrient treatment of 125% recommended dose of fertilizer, RDF (75-40-41.5 kg N-P-K/ha) recorded significantly higher water use efficiency, production efficiency, seed yield (1.76 t/ha), stalk yield (6.56 t/ha), N, P and K uptake, net income (Rs 11,784/ha) and B:C ratio (1.80) over other nutrient levels.

Pages: 332 - 335
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20093339393&site=ehost-live
Volume: 54
Number: 3
Journal: Indian Journal of Agronomy
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0537-197X
DOI: NA
Keywords:

cost benefit analysis, crop yield, income, irrigation,leaves, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, NPK fertilizers, nutrientuptake, phosphorus, phosphorus fertilizers, plant height, plantnutrition, plant water relations, potassium, potassium fertilizers,profitability, profits, sandy loam soils, seed weight, soil types,sunflowers, water use efficiency, India, Madhya Pradesh, Helianthusannuus, Helianthus, Asteraceae, Asterales, dicotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, phosphate fertilizers, potashfertilizers, watering, Natural Resource Economics (EE115) (New March2000), Input Utilization (Microeconomics) (EE145), Field Crops (FF005)(New March 2000), Plant Nutrition (FF061), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Fertilizers and other Amendments(JJ700), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]

Source: EBSCO
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