Effect of moisture conservation and fertility on Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) and lentil (Lens culinaris) intercropping system under rainfed conditions.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2006
Month Published: NA
Author: Teekam, Singh ; Rana, K. S.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Field experiments were conducted in New Delhi, India, during the 2003/04 and 2004/05 winter seasons, to study the effect of intercropping, moisture conservation practices and fertility levels on the growth, yield and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) uptake of rainfed Indian mustard cv. Pusa Barani and lentil cv. L 7473. Indian mustard paired row (30/90 cm) + lentil (2 rows) intercropping system proved more productive, as it gave 3.7 q/ha extra seed yield of lentil without reducing significantly dry matter accumulation, yield attributes and the seed yield of Indian mustard. Moisture conservation practices increased the growth parameters and total N and P uptake. Farmyard manure (FYM) + organic mulch + kaolin spray (6%) increased the seed yield of Indian mustard and lentil by 14.0 and 14.3%, respectively. Dry matter accumulation and yield attributes of Indian mustard and lentil and leaf area index were recorded significantly higher with 50 and 100% recommended rate of fertilizer (RDF). The N and P uptake of Indian mustard and lentil increased significantly with the application of 50 and 100% RDF, respectively. The maximum increment in seed yield of Indian mustard and lentil was recorded with 100% fertility level and it was 19.9 and 25.3% higher over the control, respectively. The moisture conservation practice of FYM + organic mulch + kaolin spray (6%) recorded highest water use efficiency (10.1 kg/ha-mm) over the control.

Pages: 267 - 270
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20073138315&site=ehost-live
Volume: 51
Number: 4
Journal: Indian Journal of Agronomy
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0537-197X
DOI: NA
Keywords:

crop yield, dry matter accumulation, farmyard manure,growth, Indian mustard, intercropping, intercrops, kaolin, leaf areaindex, leaves, lentils, mulching, nitrogen fertilizers, nutrient uptake,phosphorus fertilizers, plant nutrition, plant water relations, soilamendments, water use efficiency, yield components, Delhi, India,Brassica juncea, Lens culinaris, Brassica, Brassicaceae, Capparidales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Lens,Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales, India, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, Capparales, FYM, LAI, New Delhi,phosphate fertilizers, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), PlantNutrition (FF061), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Fertilizers and otherAmendments (JJ700)

Source: EBSCO
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