|Author:||Mansour, M. ; Mougou, R. ; Mougou, A.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
A field study was conducted in Cherfech, Tunisia, from 1997 to 1998, to evaluate the effect of furrow irrigation with spreading fertilizer application, drip irrigation with spreading fertilizer application and fertilizing drip irrigation (fertigation), on artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) cv. Violet d' Hyerès. The soil water was determined with a neutron probe and the amount of water needs was estimated by the daily ET0 (Penman-Monteith) formula. Higher artichoke yields were obtained with fertirrigation, with an increase of 16 and 71%, respectively, compared to drip irrigation and furrow irrigation. The average head artichoke produced by the plants was also better for localized irrigation, with 8.3 heads per plant for fertirrigation, 7 heads per plant for drip irrigation and 4.95 heads per plant for furrow irrigation. On the other hand, the water use efficiency was improved by localized irrigation, with 27 kg/mm for fertigation, 24.19 kg/mm for drip irrigation and only 18.63 kg/mm for furrow irrigation.
|Pages:||127 - 133|
application methods, cardoons, crop yield, fertigation,fertilizers, furrow irrigation, plant water relations, soil water,trickle irrigation, water use efficiency, Tunisia, Cynara cardunculus,Cynara, Asteraceae, Asterales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta,plants, Maghreb, North Africa, Africa, Mediterranean Region, DevelopingCountries, Threshold Countries, Francophone Africa, Horticultural Crops(FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), PlantProduction (FF100), Fertilizers and other Amendments (JJ700), Soil WaterManagement (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management]