Effect of super absorbent application on antioxidant enzyme activities in Canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under water stress conditions.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Tohidi-Moghadam, H. R. ; Shirani-Rad, A. H. ; Nour-Mohammadi, G. ; Habibi, D. ; Mashhadi-Akbar-Boojar, M.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Problem statement: Drought stress significantly limits Canola (Brassica napus L.) growth and crop productivity. Hence, efficient management of soil moisture and study metabolic changes which occur in response to drought is important for agricultural production of this Crop. Approach: For a better understanding of drought tolerance mechanisms and improving soil water content management strategies, an experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with factorial spilt arrangement with tree replications. Results: Irrigation strategy and super absorbent application were allotted to main plots. Irrigation strategy had two levels: 80% of evaporation as control (I1), drought stress started from flowering stage (I2) Application of super absorbent had two levels: Non-application of super absorbent as control (S1), application of super absorbent with 7% concentration. Cultivars (Rgs003 (V1), Sarigol (V2), Option500 (V3), Hyola401 (V4), Hyola330 (V5), Hyola420 (V6)) were allotted to sub plots. Plants under water deficit stress and application of super absorbent showed a significant increase and decrease, respectively, in SOD, CAT and GPX activities in leaves compared with control plants. In this context, plants with higher levels of antioxidants showed higher resistance to these stress conditions and higher yield and dry matter allocation to grain filling process i.e. harvest index. Conclusion/Recommendations: Our results suggested that drought stress leads to production of oxygen radicals, which results in increased lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress in the plant. In conclusion of present study, Application of super absorbent polymer could reserve different amounts of water in itself and so increases the soil ability of water storing and preserving and at last in water deficiency, produce plant water need and approve its growth under postanthesis water deficiency.

Pages: 215 - 223
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20093310979&site=ehost-live
Volume: 4
Number: 3
Journal: American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 1557-4989
DOI: NA
Keywords:

catalase, crop production, crop yield, cultivars, drought,drought resistance, dry matter, enzyme activity, enzymes, fillingperiod, flowering, free radicals, glutathione peroxidase, growth,harvest index, irrigation, leaves, lipid peroxidation, plant waterrelations, rape, soil water, soil water content, superoxide dismutase,swede rape, water deficit, water stress, Brassica napus var. oleifera,Brassica napus, Brassica, Brassicaceae, Capparidales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, anthesis, canola,Capparales, cultivated varieties, drought tolerance, oilseed rape, soilmoisture, watering, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Breedingand Genetics (FF020), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Environmental Tolerance of Plants (FF900), Soil Physics(JJ300), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]

Source: EBSCO
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