Effect of tillage treatments and intercropping patterns on water use efficiency and yield components of soybean and maize.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2006
Month Published: NA
Author: Sherif, S. A. ; Mohamed, W. K. ; Ibrahim, S. T. ; Osman,H. E. ; El-Khatib, S. I.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Two field experiments were performed in Bani Swif Governorate, Egypt, during 2003 and 2004 seasons to study the suitability of different tillage treatments: 2 and 3 passes of chisel plough at 10, 15 and 20 cm depths and intercropping patterns of maize and soyabean, i.e. 2 ridges of maize:2 ridges of soyabean (2:2) and 2 ridges of maize:4 ridges of soyabean (2:4) on water consumption, growth characters, yield and quality of maize (cv. T.W.C. 310) intercropped with soyabean (cv. Clark). Three passes of chisel plough decreased the value of mean weight diameter by 33.00%, 27.92% and 31.87% compared with 2 passes of chisel plough for 10, 15 and 20 cm depths, respectively. The yield and quality of maize soyabean were significantly increased by using tillage with 3 passes of chisel plough. Both the yield of maize and soyabean per feddan in pure stand were always higher than those within any intercrop combination. These results were true in both seasons. Maize yield in 2:2 pattern and with 3 passes of sing chisel plough at 15 cm depth was the highest, whereas the highest yield of soyabean per feddan was obtained when soyabean plants were grown in 2:4 pattern with 3 passes of chisel plough at 15 cm depth. The highest values of water use efficiency during the 2 seasons were recorded when the 2:4 pattern and 3 passes of chisel plough at 15 cm depth were applied. The highest values of land equivalent ratio in the 2 seasons were obtained (1.54 and 1.53, respectively) were obtained with the 2:4 pattern.

Pages: 173 - 193
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20063085305&site=ehost-live
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Journal: Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 1110-2675
DOI: NA
Keywords:

chisel ploughs, crop quality, crop yield, growth,intercropping, maize, plant water relations, soyabeans, tillage, wateruse efficiency, yield components, Egypt, Glycine (Fabaceae), Glycinemax, Zea mays, North Africa, Africa, Mediterranean Region, Middle East,Developing Countries, Glycine (Fabaceae), Fabaceae, Fabales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, Zea, Poaceae,Cyperales, monocotyledons, Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), SoilManagement (JJ900), Crop Produce (QQ050), Food Composition and Quality(QQ500), Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Plant Production (FF100)

Source: EBSCO
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