|Author:||Buttar, G. S. ; Aujla, M. S. ; Thind, H. S. ; Singh, C.J. ; Saini, K. S.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
With increasing concern about declining water resources, there is increasing thrust in improving water management in farming systems to improve water use efficiency. The present investigation was undertaken to determine the optimum timing for the first and last irrigation of cotton on the basis of meteorological approach for scheduling irrigations. The experiment was conducted in a split plot design with three timings of first irrigation as main-plots and three timing of last irrigation as sub-plots. Delay of first irrigation from 28 days after sowing (DAS) to 42 DAS, irrespective of last irrigation, resulted in an increase of 8, 14 and 17% in seed cotton yield during first, second and third year, respectively. The corresponding increases due to delay in the last irrigation from 130 to 170 DAS were 14, 32 and 8%, respectively. On the basis of 3 years average, application of first and last irrigation at optimum time (after 42 and 170 days after sowing) resulted in an increase of 36% in seed cotton yield without involving any additional cost. Water expense efficiency (WEE) increased by 54%.
|Pages:||236 - 242|
|Journal:||Agricultural Water Management|
agricultural meteorology, cotton, crop yield, irrigation,irrigation scheduling, plant water relations, water use efficiency,Gossypium, Malvaceae, Malvales, dicotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, agrometeorology, watering, FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), PlantProduction (FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management],Meteorology and Climate (PP500)