|Book Group Author:||NA|
Water is a natural resource of prime value that is very often limited and costly, particularly in semi-arid regions. While traditional irrigation methods increase the amount of surface runoff, drip irrigation provides efficient use of the limited water resources. This study was conducted to determine the water-yield relationship and the quality of sweet corn grown under deficit drip irrigation in 1998 and 1999 in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Irrigation treatments analysed in this study were full irrigation as well as 10, 20 and 30% deficiency of Class A pan evaporation. In both years, water use efficiency ranged between 1.18 and 1.36kgm⁻℗đ, and irrigation water use efficiency ranged between 1.36 and 1.62kgm⁻℗đ. The yield response factor (k y) or the ratio of the decrease in relative yield to the decrease in relative water consumption varied from 0.82 to 1.43, and the water-saving rate ranged from 10.9 to 31.1%. The relationships between fresh ear yield and the irrigation treatments were statistically significant (P < 0.01), and the yield decreased with increasing deficit irrigation. Root dry matter increased with water shortage. Maximum values of leaf area index were obtained at full irrigation, whereas the lowest values were found at 30% water deficiency. The values of the deficit irrigation stress index increased with decreasing water application. Although the protein content increased, the Fe, Zn and Cu concentration of the kernels decreased with increasing water deficiency. Despite the reduction of fresh ear yield with deficit irrigation, the number of marketable ears at 10% water deficiency was still high and acceptable for sweet corn (var. Reward) in south-eastern Turkey.
|Pages:||1003 - 1010|
|Journal:||Agricultural water management|
deficit irrigation, protein content, roots, leaf area index,copper, dry matter content, iron, zinc, crop yield, sweetcorn, mineralcontent, microirrigation, Zea mays subsp. mays, plant-water relations,water use efficiency, food composition, food quality, Turkey (country)