Effective utilization of jhola water for crop diversification in Kokriguda watershed – a case study.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2005
Month Published: NA
Author: Dass, A. ; Patnaik, U. S. ; Sudhishri, S.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

In the Eastern Ghats of Orissa (India), 'Jhola' lands, the wide and stabilized gully beds transformed into terraces hold vast potential for intensive cultivation due to perenniality of water supply but unexploited presently. In Kokriguda model watershed, a representative of the region, efforts were made to determine most promising crops and cropping systems in jhola lands, saria lands and the adjoining medium lands by using jhola water to augment productivity and income. In jhola lands, rice-rice system recorded the grain yield of 17.2 q ha-1 during pre-project period, increased to 25.4 q ha-1 during final year of the project with increase in net returns of Rs.5001 to Rs. 10 225 ha-1. Traditional rice-fallow system with net returns of Rs.4453 during pre-project increased to Rs.7305 ha-1 during the fourth year was considerably inferior to rice-rice sequence. In saria land, rice-cucumber gave higher paddy equivalent yield and net returns than rice-tomato sequence. Both of these systems, however, yielded six to seven folds more net returns than rice-rice sequence in jhola. In medium lands irrigated with diverted jhola water, chilli with net returns of Rs.65173 ha-1 was most remunerative followed by aubergine (Rs. 43667 ha-1).

Pages: 243 - 247
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20063053869&site=ehost-live
Volume: 33
Number: 3
Journal: Indian Journal of Soil Conservation
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0970-3349
DOI: NA
Keywords:

aubergines, case studies, chillies, crop yield, croppingsystems, cucumbers, diversification, fallow, gullied land, income,irrigation, returns, rice, tomatoes, watersheds, India, Orissa,Capsicum, Cucumis sativus, Lycopersicon esculentum, Oryza, Oryza sativa,Solanum melongena, Cucumis, Cucurbitaceae, Violales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, Lycopersicon, Solanaceae, Solanales,India, Oryza, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, Solanum, AgriculturalEconomics (EE110), Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100), Plant CroppingSystems (FF150), Soil Fertility (JJ600), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management], Water Resources (PP200), Land Resources (PP300)

Source: EBSCO
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