Effects of Different Levels of Irrigation Water Salinity and Leaching on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat in an Arid Region

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: JAN-FEB
Author: Mostafazadeh-Fard, Behrouz ; Mansouri, Hamed ; Mousavi, Sayed-Farhad ; Feizi, Mohammad
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Soil salinity is a major environmental factor limiting the productivity of agricultural lands. To determine the effects of irrigation water salinity and leaching on soil salinity and consequently wheat yield, a field experiment was conducted on a silty clay soil, a typical soil of Rudasht region, Isfahan province, Iran, with three irrigation water salinity levels of 2, 8, and 12 dS/m with/without leaching levels of 4, 19, and 32% with two different irrigation water managements, using factorial design with four replications for each treatment. The results showed that as the irrigation water salinity and consequently soil salinity increases, the yield components such as grain yield, straw yield, 1,000-grain weight, crop height, spike length, and leaf area index decreases significantly. Leaching caused the yield components to increase significantly. An increase in seed protein percentage was noted as the salinity of irrigation water increased. The interaction effects of irrigation management and leaching on yield and yield components was significant. The results of best fit line to relative yield data versus soil ECe showed that the parameters of the above linear relation are site specific, and there is no significant difference between the parameters obtained in this study as compared to the other researchers' results and the study validates the established relationships between wheat yield and salinity obtained by other researchers. The recycled drainage water could be used in combination with less saline river water as an alternative and less expensive irrigation water to grow salt-tolerant crops such as wheat, to produce profitable yield and to improve the agricultural economy of arid land regions.

Pages: 32-38
URL: NA
Volume: 135
Number: 1
Journal: JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING-ASCE
Journal ISO: J. Irrig. Drainage Eng-ASCE
Organization: NA
Publisher: ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0733-9437
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2009)135:1(32)
Keywords:

Irrigation; Wheat yield; Iran; Salinity; Agriculture; Environmental issues

Source: Web of Science
Series:
Series Number:
Document Type:
Subject Category: