|Author:||Al-Harbi, A. R. ; Al-Omran, A. M. ; Sheta, A. S. ; Falatah, A. M.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The field experiments were conducted during 2002-03 at the Agricultural Experimental Station Farm, College of Agriculture, King Saud University, Deerab, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The treatments used were as follows: three natural deposits applied at a depth of 20 cm at three rates (0, 1.0 and 2.0%) and four irrigation levels (60, 80, 100 and 120% of ETo) using surface and subsurface drip irrigation. Results indicated that squash fruit yield was significantly increased with the increase in irrigation level, whereas water use efficiency (WUE) significantly increased then decreased at the highest irrigation level. The average yield increased by 11.66% in high irrigation level compared to moderate irrigation level, and decreased by 39.06% at the more stressed irrigation level. WUE increased by 7.58% at high irrigation level and decreased by 33.0% at stressed irrigation level. Types of clay deposits significantly affected fruit yields compared with the control. The yield increase was 12.78, 8.32 and 6.38% for Khulays, Dhruma and Rawdat clay deposits, respectively. The differences between surface and subsurface drip on fruit yields and WUE were also significant. Results indicated that moisture content of subsurface treated layer increased dramatically, while salts were accumulated at the surface and away from the emitters in subsurface drip irrigation. Intensive root proliferation is observed in the clay amended subsurface layer compared with non amended soil. The advantages of subsurface drip irrigation were related to the relative decrease in salt accumulation in the root zone area where the plant roots were active and water content was relatively higher.
|Pages:||231 - 241|
crop yield, evapotranspiration, growing media, growth,irrigation, plant water relations, squashes, subsurface irrigation,surface irrigation, trickle irrigation, water use efficiency, SaudiArabia, Cucurbita, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbita, Cucurbitaceae, Violales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, West Asia, Asia,Middle East, Developing Countries, Horticultural Crops (FF003) (NewMarch 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100),Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]