|Book Group Author:||NA|
A field study was carried out in order to determine the effect of deficit irrigation regimes on grain yield and seasonal evapotranspiration of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) in Thrace Region of Turkey. The field trials were conducted on a loam Entisol soil, on Dincer, the most popular variety in the research area. A randomised complete block design with three replications was used. Combination of four well-known growth stages of the plant, namely vegetative (Va), late vegetative (Vb), flowering (F) and yield formation (Y) were considered to form a total of 16 (including rain fed) irrigation treatments. The effect of irrigation and water stress at any stage of development on grain yield per hectare and 1000 kernels weight was evaluated. Results showed that safflower was significantly affected by water stress during the sensitive late vegetative stage. The highest yield was obtained in VaVbFY treatment. Seasonal irrigation water use and evapotranspiration were 501 and 721mm, respectively, for the non-stressed treatment. Safflower grain yield of this treatment was 5.22Mgha⁻℗£ and weight of 1000 kernels was 55g. The seasonal yield-water response factor value was 0.87. The total water use efficiency was 7.2kgha⁻℗£ mm⁻℗£. Irrigation schedule of the non-stressed treatment may be as follows: the first irrigation is at the vegetative stage, when after 40-50 days from sowing/elongation and branching stage, that is the end of May; the second irrigation is at the late vegetative stage, after 70-80 days from sowing/heading stage, that is in the middle of June; the third irrigation is at the flowering stage, approximately 50% level, that is the first half of July; and the fourth irrigation is at the yield formation stage, seed filling, that is the last week of July.
|Pages:||1792 - 1798|
|Journal:||Agricultural water management|
dryland farming, irrigated farming, field experimentation,developmental stages, water stress, irrigation scheduling, fillingperiod, drought, yield components, oil crops, irrigation systems,Carthamus tinctorius, safflower seed products, crop yield,evapotranspiration, seasonal variation, water use efficiency,Mediterranean climate, Turkey (country)