|Author:||Shahnazari, A. ; Liu, FuLai ; Andersen, M. N. ; Jacobsen, S. E. ; Jensen, C. R.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Water resources are limited for irrigation worldwide; therefore, there is a need for water-saving irrigation practices to be explored. Partial root-zone drying (PRD) is a new water-saving irrigation strategy being tested in many crop species. Experiments were conducted in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Folva) under open field conditions in 2004 and under a mobile rainout shelter in 2005. Two subsurface irrigation treatments were studied: full irrigation (FI) receiving 100% of evaporative demands, 50.1 and 201 mm of irrigation water in the 2 years, to keep it close to field capacity; and PRD, which received 21.7 and 140 mm of irrigation in 2004 and 2005 respectively. Due to rain in 2004, the PRD treatment was imposed over a short period only during the late tuber filling and maturing stages. In 2005, the PRD treatment was imposed during the whole period of tuber filling and tuber maturation. The PRD treatment was shifted from one side to the other side of potato plants every 5-10 days. Especially in 2005 it was apparent that stomatal conductance was generally lower in the PRD than in the FI plants, whereas leaf water potential tended to be lower in only a few instances. During the treatment period, plants were harvested five times, and no significant difference was found between the treatments in leaf area index, top dry mass and tuber yield. At final harvest, tubers were graded based on size into four classes C1-C4, of which the yield of the important marketable class (C2) was significantly higher (20%) in the PRD than in the FI treatment. Compared with FI, the PRD treatment saved 30% of irrigation water while maintaining tuber yield, leading to a 61% increase of irrigation water use efficiency. The limited data of 2004 support these results. In summary, PRD is a promising water-saving irrigation strategy for potato production in areas with limited water resources.
|Pages:||117 - 124|
|Journal:||Field Crops Research|
crop quality, crop yield, leaf area index, leaf conductance,leaf water potential, plant water relations, potatoes, soil water,stomata, subsurface irrigation, tubers, water use efficiency, Denmark,Solanum tuberosum, Scandinavia, Northern Europe, Europe, DevelopedCountries, European Union Countries, OECD Countries, Solanum,Solanaceae, Solanales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, LAI, soil moisture, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000),Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Physics(JJ300), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Crop Produce(QQ050), Food Composition and Quality (QQ500)