Effects of water stress at different growth stages on greenhouse tomato yield and quality.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2003
Month Published: NA
Author: Nuruddin, M. M. ; Madramootoo, C. A. ; Dodds, G. T.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

Tomatoes (cv. Sunstart) were grown in a greenhouse. Two available soil water (ASW) deficit thresholds, 65 and 80%, at which plants were irrigated to field capacity were factorially combined with five irrigation timing patterns: (1) no water stress; (2) stress throughout the entire growing season; (3) stress during first cluster flowering and fruit set; (4) stress during first cluster fruit growth; and (5) stress during first cluster fruit ripening. Crop yields, water use efficiency, including maximum and minimum equatorial fruit diameters and fruit height were measured. Quality parameters of soluble solids, pH, and fruit colour were also measured. Water stress throughout the growing season significantly reduced yield and fruit size, but plants stressed only during flowering showed fewer but bigger fruits than completely non-stressed plants. Consequently, on a weight basis, the stressed at flowering and non-stressed plants had similar yields. Non-stressed and flowering-stressed fruits showed lower soluble solids and a lighter colour of red ripe fruit than the other stress treatments. There were no significant differences in yield or quality between the two stress levels (65 vs. 80% ASW depletion before irrigation). Water stress only during flowering resulted in better yields and quality than stress at other specific developmental stages or at all times, but equal or poorer yields and water use efficiency than non-stressed plants.

Pages: 1389 - 1393
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20043042966&site=ehost-live
Volume: 38
Number: 7
Journal: HortScience
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0018-5345
DOI: NA
Keywords:

colour, crop growth stage, crop quality, crop yield,flowering, fruit set, fruits, growth, irrigation, pH, plant development,plant water relations, protected cultivation, ripening, tomatoes, waterstress, water use efficiency, Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon,Solanaceae, Solanales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, anthesis, color, cultivation under glass or plastic,hydrogen ion concentration, potential of hydrogen, watering,Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Physiology andBiochemistry (FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Crop Produce(QQ050), Food Composition and Quality (QQ500)

Source: EBSCO
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