|Author:||K©œksal, Ey©ơp Selim ; ©œst©ơn, Haluk ; ♯'lbeyi, Adem ; Kara, Tekin ; Apan, Mehmet|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Field experiments were carried out in the 2004 and 2005 growing seasons on drip irrigated dwarf green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, humilis). Soil water content (SWC), spectral reflectance and yield were monitored. Based on these data crop evapotranspiration (ETc), soil water deficit index (SWDI), water use efficiency (WUE) and four separate spectral indexes were calculated. In order to determine use opportunities of spectral indexes for estimation of yield, SWDI and WUE, some statistical analyzes were made. Results showed that spectral indexes could be used for monitoring of yield, SWDI and WUE. Especially, Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI) had the highest correlations with all three of the parameters. The estimation procedure which was given in this study has a potential use either during, or at the end of the growing season. Estimated values of WUE and SWDI were 3.2 (kg m⁻℗đ) and 0.12, respectively, through SAVI and the given procedure, indicates the optimal water use and yield conditions for dwarf green beans. At this situation, probably ETc was 580 mm and yield was 25.5 t ha⁻℗£.
|Pages:||209 - 223|
|Journal:||Irrigation and drainage systems|
soil water deficit, evapotranspiration, estimation,irrigation management, plant-water relations, water use efficiency,reflectance, crop yield, green beans, Phaseolus vulgaris, canopy, soilwater content, microirrigation, Turkey (country)