|Author:||Hassanli, Ali Morad ; Beecham, Simon ; Ahmadirad, Shahram|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Rapid urbanization and industrialization have increased the pressure on limited existing fresh water to meet the growing needs for food production. Two immediate responses to this challenge are the efficient use of irrigation technology and the use of alternative sources of water. Drip irrigation methods may play an important role in efficient use of water but there is still limited information on their use on sugar beet crops in arid countries such as Iran. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of irrigation method and water quality on sugar beet yield, percentage of sugar content and irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE). The irrigation methods investigated were subsurface drip, surface drip and furrow irrigation. The two waters used were treated municipal effluent (EC=1.52dSm⁻℗£) and fresh water (EC=0.509dSm⁻℗£). The experiments used a split plot design and were undertaken over two consecutive growing seasons in Southern Iran. Statistical testing indicated that the irrigation method and water quality had a significant effect (at the 1% level) on sugar beet root yield, sugar yield, and IWUE. The highest root yield (79.7Mgha⁻℗£) was obtained using surface drip irrigation and effluent and the lowest root yield (41.4Mgha⁻℗£) was obtained using furrow irrigation and fresh water. The highest IWUE in root yield production (9kgm⁻℗đ) was obtained using surface drip irrigation with effluent and the lowest value (3.8kgm⁻℗đ) was obtained using furrow irrigation with fresh water. The highest IWUE of 1.26kgm⁻℗đ for sugar was obtained using surface drip irrigation. The corresponding efficiency using effluent was 1.14kgm⁻℗đ. Irrigation with effluent led to an increase in the net sugar yield due to an increase in the sugar beet root yield. However, there was a slight reduction in the percentage sugar content in the plants. This study also showed that soil water and root depth monitoring can be used in irrigation scheduling to avoid water stress. Such monitoring techniques can also save considerable volumes of irrigation water and can increase yield.
|Pages:||357 - 362|
|Journal:||Agricultural water management|