Genetic dissection of cotton physiological responses to arid conditions and their inter-relationships with productivity.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2004
Month Published: NA
Author: Saranga, Y. ; Jiang, C. X. ; Wright, R. J. ; Yakir, D. ; Paterson, A. H.
Book Group Author: NA

Testing of the extent to which different complex traits share common genetic control provides a means to distinguish associations that are truly diagnostic of genetic potential for improved adaptation to abiotic stress, from incidental phenotypic correlations. In two generations of progeny from a cross between Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping was used to evaluate correspondence in genetic control of selected physiological measures and productivity under water-limited and well-watered environments, respectively. A total of 33 QTLs were detected for five physiological variables [osmotic potential (OP), carbon isotope ratio (δ13C; indicator of water use efficiency), canopy temperature, chlorophyll a and b], and 46 QTLs for five measures of crop productivity [dry matter, seed cotton yield (SC), harvest index, boll weight, and boll number]. QTL likelihood intervals for high SC and low OP corresponded in three genomic regions, two of which mapped to homoeologous locations on the two subgenomes of tetraploid cotton. QTLs for δ13C showed only incidental association with productivity, indicating that high water use efficiency can be associated with either high or low productivity. Different cotton species have evolved different alleles related to physiological responses and productivity under water deficit, which may permit the development of genotypes that are better-adapted to arid conditions.

Pages: 263 - 277
Volume: 27
Number: 3
Journal: Plant, Cell and Environment
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0140-7791

adaptation, arid climate, biomass production, canopy,chlorophyll, chromosome maps, chromosomes, cotton, crop yield, dryconditions, dry matter accumulation, evolution, genes, genetic mapping,genetic regulation, harvest index, plant water relations, quantitativetrait loci, stress, stress response, temperature, water stress, wateruse efficiency, Gossypium, Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium hirsutum,Malvaceae, Malvales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, Gossypium, crown cover, desert climate, leaf canopy, FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Breeding and Genetics (FF020),Plant Water Relations (FF062), Environmental Tolerance of Plants(FF900), Taxonomy and Evolution (ZZ380)

Source: EBSCO
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