Genetic diversity for drought resistance in wild emmer wheat and its ecogeographical associations.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2005
Month Published: NA
Author: Peleg, Z. ; Nevo, E. ; Yakir, D. ; Saranga, Y. ; Fahima, T. ; Abbo, S. ; Krugman, T.
Book Group Author: NA

Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum spp. dicoccoides (Korn.) Thell.), the tetraploid progenitor of cultivated wheat, is a potential source for various agronomical traits, including drought resistance. The objectives of this study were to characterize (1) the genetic diversity for drought resistance in wild emmer wheat, and (2) the relationship between drought responses of the wild emmer germplasm and the ecogeographical parameters of its collection sites. A total of 110 wild emmer accessions consisting of 25 populations and three control durum wheat cultivars were examined under two irrigation regimes, well-watered ('wet') and water-limited ('dry'). Wide genetic diversity was found both between and within the wild emmer populations in most variables under each treatment. A considerable number of the wild emmer accessions exhibited an advantage in productivity (spike and total dry matter) over their cultivated counterparts. Most wild emmer wheat accessions exhibited a greater carbon isotope ratio (delta13C, indicating higher water-use efficiency) under the dry treatment and higher plasticity of delta13C relative to the cultivated controls, which may have contributed to the drought adaptations in the former. The most outstanding drought-tolerance capacity (in term of productivity under the dry treatment and susceptibility indices) was detected in wild emmer populations originated from hot dry locations. The results suggest that wild emmer has the potential to improve drought resistance in cultivated wheat.

Pages: 176 - 191
Volume: 28
Number: 2
Journal: Plant, cell and environment
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 01407791

water stress, irrigated conditions, plant stress,geographical variation, plant ecology, provenance, wheat, Triticumturgidum subsp. dicoccoides, genetic variation, drought tolerance, plantresponse, Israel

Source: EBSCO
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