|Author:||Ferrotti, F. ; Gristina, L. ; Poma, I. ; Caruso, A. ; Saladino, S.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
In the extensively-managed agricultural areas of Sicily, Italy, rainfall is often so limited that economically effective annual productions are not feasible. Bare fallow, the most extreme dry farming technique, seems to be, under such conditions, the only suitable strategy. The introduction in these cropping systems of an annual legume to put early into the soil, as an alternative to bare fallow, may represent a technique able not only to prevent soil erosion, but also to improve the low soil organic matter reserves, with a direct benefit on the following yields and on the whole environment. The trial was aimed to verify the bioagronomical and qualitative behaviour of durum wheat managed under different cropping systems, viz., durum wheat-bare fallow, durum wheat-grain vetch, durum wheat-hay vetch, durum wheat-green manure vetch and durum wheat-durum wheat. Results, heavily influenced by very low rainfall (320 mm), stressed the extraordinary productive response of durum wheat cultivated after the green manure legume.
|Pages:||163 - 167|
|Journal:||Options Méditerranéennes. Série A, Séminaires Méditerranéens|
agricultural production, cropping systems, green manures,precipitation, reclamation, soil conservation, soil organic matter,sustainability, vetch, wheat, Italy, Sicily, Triticum, Triticum durum,Vicia, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta,plants, eukaryotes, Triticum, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales,dicotyledons, Southern Europe, Europe, Mediterranean Region, DevelopedCountries, European Union Countries, OECD Countries, Italy, organicmatter in soil, Sicilia, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Forageand Fodder Crops (FF007) (New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100),Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Soil Chemistry and Mineralogy (JJ200),Fertilizers and other Amendments (JJ700), Erosion; Soil and WaterConservation (PP400)