|Author:||Talathi, J. M. ; Hiremath, G. K.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
In farms in Thane district (Maharashtra, India) with traditional methods of irrigation (TMI; flood/check basin irrigation), the quantity of water used was 27% above the economic optimum, while in farms with modern methods of irrigation (MMI; drip irrigation using groundwater) it was marginally higher (0.38%) over the economic optimum estimated through transcendental production function. In the case of vegetable crops, there was an inverse relationship between the quantity of water used and the productivity of a particular crop in the drip method of irrigation, while a positive relationship was observed in the case of fruit crops. Results indicate that MMI not only contributes to water conservation and provides additional irrigation benefits through increased area under irrigation but also reduces cultivation cost, particularly irrigation cost, and increases crop productivity, as compared to TMI.
|Pages:||194 - 197|
|Journal:||Indian Journal of Soil Conservation|
basin irrigation, costs, crop yield, economic analysis,fruit crops, groundwater, irrigation, irrigation water, plant waterrelations, trickle irrigation, vegetables, water conservation, wateruse, water use efficiency, India, Maharashtra, South Asia, Asia,Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, check basinirrigation, costings, vegetable crops, watering, Horticultural Crops(FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations (FF062), PlantProduction (FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Erosion;Soil and Water Conservation (PP400), Water Resources (PP200), NaturalResource Economics (EE115) (New March 2000)