|Author:||Purushottam, Sharma ; Sharma, R. C.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The present study evaluates the nature and magnitude of groundwater markets (GWMs) and their impact on the farm economy in the arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan, India. The terms of transactions in GWMs, the costs and returns of water selling, and the costs of irrigation, are also examined. The study uses survey data pertaining to agricultural year 1999-2000, collected from a sample of 280 farmers. It is revealed that about 51% of the farmers and 16% of the total area in the semi-arid region benefited from GWMs by buying irrigation water, while 55% of the farmers and 18% of the total area in the arid region similarly benefited from GWMs. This means that in the absence of GWMs, about one-fifth of the total land in the study area would have remained unirrigated. Cash-based contracts prevailed in GWMs in the semi-arid region while crop output sharing contracts prevailed in the arid region. The latter were more exploitative. Water selling activity was economically remunerative in both regions. Implications for water and irrigation policy are discussed.
|Pages:||138 - 150|
|Journal:||Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics|
agricultural policy, arid zones, contracts, costs,irrigation water, markets, returns, semiarid zones, surveys, waterallocation, water policy, India, Rajasthan, South Asia, Asia, DevelopingCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, arid regions, costings,Agricultural Economics (EE110), Natural Resource Economics (EE115) (NewMarch 2000), Policy and Planning (EE120), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management], Water Resources (PP200)