|Author:||Singh, D. R. ; Singh, R. P.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The paper focuses on accessibility, reliability and equity of groundwater markets in order to generate valuable information on these issues and suggest suitable policy perspectives for equitable use of groundwater. The study was conducted in two blocks of Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh state, India, and primary data were collected from a sample of 180 farm households selected randomly from the study area for the agricultural year 1994-95. The farmers were classified into five categories of water markets and into three farm size groups, namely marginal (up to 1 hectare), small (1-2 hectares) and others (more than 2 hectares). The study reveals that buyers have inverse and the sellers have direct relationship with farm size. It indicates that in the absence of water markets, over one-fourth of land would have remained unirrigated especially on the marginal and small farms. On an average, the marginal and small farmers were selling less water and buying more as compared to the other categories of farmers. Irrigation and fertilizers applied and yield realized were found to be lower for buyers than those of water extraction mechanism (WEM) owners. The accessibility to groundwater across the farm size was almost same under any form of water market. However, inequity in the realization of gains was less in winter season crops on account of comparatively lower differences in access to groundwater than in annual or summer season crops. Although the electric operated WEMs were less reliable and had poor performance than diesel operated WEMs due to higher breakdown and erratic electricity supply, these were preferred by the farmers on account of lower cost of water extraction.
|Pages:||115 - 127|
|Journal:||Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics|
access, agricultural production, crop production, cropyield, farm size, groundwater, groundwater extraction, irrigation,irrigation water, markets, production economics, production functions,productivity, water resources, India, Uttar Pradesh, South Asia, Asia,Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, economics ofproduction, watering, Agricultural Economics (EE110), Natural ResourceEconomics (EE115) (New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100), Soil WaterManagement (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Water Resources (PP200)