Growth-response and selenium and boron distribution in broccoli varieties irrigated with poor quality water

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2003
Month Published: NA
Author: Banuelos, GS ; Pasakdee, S ; Finley, JW
Book Group Author: NA

Selenium (Se), and boron (13), and salinity contamination of agricultural drainage water is potentially hazardous for water reuse strategies in central California. This greenhouse study assessed tolerance and Se, 13, and chloride (Cl-) accumulation in different varieties (Emerald City, Samurai, Greenbelt, Marathon) of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.) irrigated with water of the following different qualities: (1) non-saline [electrical conductivity (EC) of < 1 dS m(-1)]; (2) Cl-/sulfate salinity of similar to5 dS m(-1), 250 mug Se L-1, and 5 mg B L-1; and (3) non-saline and 250 mug Se L-1. One hundred and ten days after transplanting, plants were harvested and dry weight (DW) yields and plant accumulation of Se, B, and Cl- was evaluated in floret, leaf, and stem. Irrespective of treatments floret yields from var. Samurai were the lowest among all varieties, while floret yields from var. Marathon was the only variety to exhibit some sensitivity to treatments. For all varieties, plant Se concentrations were greatest in the floret (up to 51 mg kg(-1) DW) irrespective of treatment, and B and Cl- concentrations were greatest in the leaves; 110 mg B kg(-1) DW and 5.4% Cl-, respectively. At post harvest, treatment 2 (with salinity, B, and Se) increased soil salinity to almost 6 dS m(-1), total Se concentrations to a high of 0.64 mg kg(-1) DW soil, and water soluble B concentrations to a high, of 2.3 mg B L-1; soluble Se concentrations were insignificant. The results indicate that var. Emerald City, Greenbelt, and Marathon should be considered as recipients,of Moderately saline effluent enriched with Se. and B under field conditions.

Pages: 2537-2549
Volume: 26
Number: 12
Journal ISO: J. Plant Nutr.
Organization: NA
ISSN: 0190-4167
DOI: 10.1081/PLN-120025477

broccoli; selenium; boron; salinity

Source: Web of Science
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