Growth responses of marama bean (Tylosema esculentum) to water deficit conditions.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2008
Month Published: NA
Author: Travlos, I. S. ; Karamanos, A. J.
Book Group Author: NA

This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the influences of several water supply regimes on marama growth parameters. Therefore, glasshouse-grown marama plants were subjected to several water treatments by applying different irrigation doses. Measurements of several growth parameters were taken during all the experimental period. Vegetative growth of the more intense water-stressed plants was significantly restricted, while there was a 31-66% reduction of total dry matter production compared to the plants of the rest three water treatments. Irrigation clearly promoted greater biomass allocation to the shoot and leaves and thereby increased the above ground: Below ground dry matter ratio. In conclusion, this study revealed the beneficial effect of an adequate water supply on growth and dry matter production of marama, which seems not to be drought tolerant-as long as it cannot grow well without a good water supply but a rather drought avoiding species, using its tubers as water reservoirs.

Pages: 155 - 160
Volume: 3
Number: 2
Journal: International Journal of Agricultural Research
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 1816-4897

drought, drought resistance, dry matter accumulation,growth, irrigation, leaves, plant water relations, shoots, stress,stress factors, stress response, tubers, water stress, Tylosemaesculentum, Tylosema, Caesalpinioideae, Fabaceae, Fabales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, drought tolerance,watering, Plant Water Relations (FF062), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management], Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), PlantPhysiology and Biochemistry (FF060), Environmental Tolerance of Plants(FF900)

Source: EBSCO
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