|Author:||Servili, M. ; Montedoro, G. ; Urbani, S. ; Gucci, R. ; Serravalle, M. ; Lodolini, E. ; Esposto, S. ; Taticchi, A. ; Selvaggini, R.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Field-grown olive trees (Olea europaea L. cv. Leccino) were used over two growing seasons to determine the effect of deficit irrigation regimes on virgin olive oil (VOO) quality. Drip irrigation was managed to maintain a predawn leaf water potential (PLWP): (a) higher than -1.1 MPa (full irrigation: FI); (b) between -1.0 and -3.3 MPa (deficit irrigation: DI); (c) higher than -4.2 MPa (severe deficit irrigation: SI). The fruit yield and oil yield of DI trees were over 90% of those of FI treatments in both years, respectively, whereas yields of SI trees ranged from 61 to 76%. The irrigation regime had minor effects on the free acidity, peroxide value, and fatty acid composition of VOO. The concentrations of phenols and o-diphenols in VOO were negatively correlated with PLWP. The concentrations of the dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl elenolic acid linked to (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol (3,4-DHPEA-EDA), the isomer of the oleuropein aglycon (3,4-DHPEA-EA), and the dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl elenolic acid linked to (p-hydroxyphenyl)ethanol (p-HPEA-EDA) were lower in FI than in SI treatments. The concentrations of lignans (+)-1-acetoxipinoresinol and (+)-1-pinoresinol were unaffected by the irrigation regime. The tree water status had a marked effect on the concentration of volatile compounds, such as the C6-saturated and unsaturated aldehydes, alcohols, and esters.
|Pages:||6609 - 6618|
|Journal:||Journal of agricultural and food chemistry|
odor compounds, aldehydes, phenolic compounds, volatilecompounds, fatty acid composition, peroxide value, alcohols, esters,food composition, deficit irrigation, microirrigation, Olea europaea,olives, olive oil, food quality, crop yield, phenols