Late defoliation and wheat yield: Little evidence of post-anthesis source limitation

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Ahmadi, A. ; Janmohammadi, M. ; Joudi, M.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

The effect of source reduction on yield and protein content of bread wheat under well-watered and mild drought stress condition in a semi-arid climate was studied. Field experiments were conducted at the Tehran University research farm during 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 growing seasons. Mild drought stress was imposed when plants were at the second node stage by repeatedly withholding watering and re-irrigating when they showed symptoms of wilting or leaf rolling. Partial defoliations (all leaf lamina other than flag leaves were removed) were imposed at booting and anthesis; complete defoliation was imposed at anthesis (defoliation treatments were applied to all plants of each plot). Drought stress caused a significant increase in the remobilization of pre-anthesis reserves to the grain. Defoliation did not significantly affect remobilization. Grain yield and 1000-grain weight was reduced slightly by drought stress, but in most cases it was not significantly reduced by defoliation. Significant changes were not observed for grain protein content between defoliated and control plots. The results suggested that grain yield of the cultivar used under the condition tested is more controlled by sink than source strength.

Pages: 90 - 93
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=agr&AN=IND44214329&site=ehost-live
Volume: 113
Number: 1
Journal: Field crops research
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 03784290
DOI: NA
Keywords:

defoliation, phenology, field experimentation, deficitirrigation, nutrient transport, translocation (plant physiology),developmental stages, dry matter partitioning, protein content, grainyield, Triticum aestivum, wheat, water stress, plant available water,source-sink relationships, drought, Iran

Source: EBSCO
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