|Author:||Pawar, H. D. ; Dhoble, M. V. ; Sarwade, S. G.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
A field experiment was conducted in Parbhani, Maharasthra, India during rabi season to investigate the effect of moisture utilization pattern of rabi crops, viz., sorghum, gram and safflower. The treatments consisted of three crops with row proportions of 6:3, 4:2 and 3:3 of intercropping and sole cropping in a randomized block design with three replications. The highest grain yield of 15.75 q/ha was recorded in safflower+gram 3:3 row proportion as compared to all other intercropping and sole cropping systems. The economic utilization of moisture was significantly highest under sorghum+gram 6:3 treatment indicating higher efficiency of sorghum and gram in utilizing soil moisture. Among sole cropping, safflower recorded higher efficiency followed by sorghum and gram. Moisture use efficiency on monetary basis (Rs mm- 1 ha-1) was found higher in safflower+gram 3:3 compared to all other treatments. Safflower+gram 3:3 intercropping was found to be most efficient in utilizing soil moisture for its growth and yield.
|Pages:||56 - 58|
|Journal:||Journal of Soils and Crops|
crop yield, cropping systems, growth, intercropping,irrigation, plant water relations, safflower, sole cropping, water useefficiency, India, Maharashtra, Carthamus tinctorius, Sorghum,Carthamus, Asteraceae, Asterales, dicotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons,South Asia, Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, India,watering, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Physiology andBiochemistry (FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management]