|Author:||Aryal, U. K. ; Shah, S. K. ; Xu, H. L.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
All plants studied in natural ecosystems are symbiotic with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Studies dealing with mineral acquisition and carbohydrate exchange dominated mycorrhizal literatures in the past but more additional characteristics of these mycorrhizal systems have begun to be studied in recent years. Water relations of mycorrhizal plants have recently started to be studied more intensively and these studies have clearly demonstrated the increased water use efficiency and drought resistance of mycorrhizal plants. As water deficit is the single most important factor limiting crop yield in semi-arid and dry land agriculture systems, review of recent advances in water relations of mycorrhizal systems has been thought to be important in dry land crop production. New idea in this field will add to our current limited knowledge on the water relations of mycorrhizal systems and their potential contribution to dry land agriculture. This paper summarizes the recent advances in mycorrhizal plant-water relations, and aims to find new areas where future research should be emphasized for increasing their potential application in dry land agriculture.
arid lands, carbohydrates, crop yield, drought, droughtresistance, dry farming, endomycorrhizas, growth, metabolism, mineraluptake, mycorrhizal fungi, mycorrhizas, photosynthesis, plant nutrition,plant water relations, symbiosis, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizas,water deficit, water potential, water use efficiency, arbuscularmycorrhizas, carbon assimilation, carbon dioxide fixation, droughttolerance, dryland farming, saccharides, Plant Physiology andBiochemistry (FF060), Plant Nutrition (FF061), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Environmental Tolerance ofPlants (FF900), Soil Biology (JJ100)