|Book Group Author:||NA|
Innovations are needed in both the technological and policy dimensions of water resource management to achieve the gains in productivity required to feed the world's increasing population. Scientists and engineers will continue to discover and disseminate new information regarding the technology of water management. However, the effective demand for that information at the farm level will be limited in areas where water prices and allocations do not reflect scarcity conditions. This paper describes how public policies regarding water resources and agricultural production can motivate farmers to consider scarcity values and the off-farm impacts of irrigation and drainage activities. Farm-level and regional models of crop production are examined, and optimizing criteria derived from the models depict the role of scarcity values and policy parameters in farm-level decisions regarding water use. The rate at which improvements in water management are implemented by irrigators around the world might be enhanced substantially by replacing inappropriate policies with those that motivate farmers and others to use scarce resources efficiently.
|Pages:||366 - 372|
|Journal:||Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering|
agricultural production, crop production, drainage, economicanalysis, economic impact, environmental impact, income, innovations,irrigation, irrigation water, marketing, motivation, optimization,prices, social benefits, water allocation, water conservation, watermanagement, water policy, water resources, water rights, water supply,water use, environmental effects, water pricing, water resourcemanagement, water shortages, water supplies, watering, Natural ResourceEconomics (EE115) (New March 2000), Policy and Planning (EE120), Supply,Demand and Prices (EE130), Marketing and Distribution (EE700), PlantProduction (FF100), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], WaterResources (PP200), Social Psychology and Social Anthropology (UU485)(New March 2000)