|Author:||Ouzounidou, G. ; Asfi, M. ; Sotirakis, N. ; Papadopoulou, P. ; Gaitis, F.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
We have studied the changes in the physiology and nutritional quality of Lycopersicon esculentum exposed to olive mill wastewater (OMW) with regard to cultivation in sand and soil. Tomato plant performance decreased with increasing concentration of OMW to both substrates. Root was more sensitive to OMW than the upper parts of the plants, grown either in sand or in soil for 10 days and 3 months, respectively, probably due to the direct OMW toxicity on roots as compared to other parts. Significant restriction on uptake and translocation of nutrients (K, Na, Fe, Ca and Mg) under OMW application was found. The decrease in the photochemical efficiency of PSII photochemistry in the light adapted state and the big decrease in photochemical quenching, indicate that OMW resulted in diminished reoxidation of QA- and started to inactivate the reaction centers of PSII. The OMW supply on soil and sand, resulted in leaf water stress and lesser water use efficiency. Plants treated with high OMW concentration, produced fewer but bigger tomatoes as compared to plants treated with lower OMW concentration. Generally, fruit yield and nutritional value was inhibited under OMW application.
|Pages:||523 - 530|
|Journal:||Journal of Hazardous Materials|
calcium, crop quality, crop residues, crop yield, fruits,iron, leaves, magnesium, mineral uptake, nutrient uptake, nutritivevalue, olives, photosystem II, phytotoxicity, plant water relations,potassium, roots, sand, sodium, soil types, substrates, tomatoes,translocation, waste water, water stress, water use efficiency,Lycopersicon esculentum, Olea europaea, Lycopersicon, Solanaceae,Solanales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes,Olea, Oleaceae, Scrophulariales, nutritional value, Oleales, quality fornutrition, Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), PlantPhysiology and Biochemistry (FF060), Plant Nutrition (FF061), PlantWater Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Plant Toxicology(FF800), Crop Produce (QQ050), Food Composition and Quality (QQ500),Plant Wastes (XX200)