On-farm evaluation of grain yield and water use of rainfed chickpea as influenced by tillage practices in hot semi-arid western India.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Shakir, Ali ; Prasad, S. N. ; Ashok, Kumar ; Singh, K. D.
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

The study revealed that summer ploughing, ploughing with blade harrow (kulying), tillage operation with modified blade harrow (kulphaing), criss-cross ploughing and small earthen bund (bandhi) were indigenous in-situ moisture conservation practices, while pond (talab), submerge earthen bund (sagar), masonry spillway (bandha) and anicuts were run-off management practices in the region. Results of the on-farm evaluation of chichpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different practices showed that indigenous tillage practice conserved 18.1% higher moisture and increased 22.0% yield of chickpea than the mechanical tillage practice. The water-use of chickpea under indigenous tillage practice was 21.4% higher than the mechanical tillage practice. However the water-use efficiency under indigenous (13.0 kg/ha-mm) and mechanical tillage practice (12.9 kg/ha-mm) were comparable. The total cost incurred for the cultivation of chickpea was 16.2% lower and net return was 64.3% higher under the indigenous than the mechanized tillage practice.

Pages: 305 - 308
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20093127164&site=ehost-live
Volume: 79
Number: 4
Journal: Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0019-5022
DOI: NA
Keywords:

black soils, chickpeas, cost analysis, crop yield,mechanical methods, plant water relations, ploughing, returns, runoff,soil conservation, soil types, soil water content, tillage, water useefficiency, India, Rajasthan, Cicer arietinum, Cicer, Papilionoideae,Fabaceae, Fabales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, South Asia, Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth ofNations, India, costing, plowing, soil cultivation, Natural ResourceEconomics (EE115) (New March 2000), Input Utilization (Microeconomics)(EE145), Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Water Relations(FF062), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Physics (JJ300), Soil Management(JJ900), Erosion; Soil and Water Conservation (PP400)

Source: EBSCO
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