|Author:||Khajan, Singh ; Ram, Ajore ; Parshad, R.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Microirrigation technologies are more suited to undulating areas where water quality is poor and its availability is extremely scarce. Non-adoption of such technologies also led to problem related to the environment, salinity and waterlogging, and long-term sustainability of agricultural production is also affected badly. The microirrigation technologies help save large amount of water and enhance water use efficiency, increase the crop yields, reduce environmental hazard and salinity problems, also help in maintaining ecological balance. By adopting microirrigation technologies under such adverse conditions, it is possible to harvest 4-5 tonnes/ha/year wheat [Triticum aestivum] with recommended doses of fertilizers. Hence, the study was carried out in selected districts of Haryana, India, where water quality is poor. The water, which cannot be used for irrigation purposes directly, can be used safely as damage losses to crops are reduced. The amount of different types of fertilizers (kg/ha) used by the farmers was recorded. It was observed that majority of them were using less or higher doses of fertilizers for different crops without consulting agricultural specialists/experts. Comparative advantages of sprinkler vs. traditional irrigation on farmers' fields were also recorded, and an increase in yield of different crops, namely, wheat, bajra [Pennisetum glaucum], barley [Hordeum vulgare], mustard [Brassica juncea], cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] and gram, were observed after adoption of sprinkler irrigation. The data also clearly indicated that sprinkler irrigation saved time, water and money, and additional income generation.
|Pages:||39 - 41|
|Journal:||Indian Journal of Fertilisers|
application rates, barley, cotton, crop yield, fertilizers,Indian mustard, irrigation systems, irrigation water, microirrigation,sprinkler irrigation, water quality, wheat, Haryana, India, Brassicajuncea, Gossypium, Gossypium hirsutum, Hordeum vulgare, Pennisetumglaucum, Triticum, Triticum aestivum, Vigna, India, South Asia, Asia,Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, Brassica, Brassicaceae,Capparidales, dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, Gossypium, Malvaceae, Malvales, Hordeum, Poaceae, Cyperales,monocotyledons, Pennisetum, Triticum, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales,Capparales, spray irrigation, water composition and quality,Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), Field Crops (FF005) (NewMarch 2000), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Fertility (JJ600),Fertilizers and other Amendments (JJ700), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management]