Performance and water-use efficiency (single-leaf vs. whole-canopy) of well-watered and half-stressed split-root Lambrusco grapevines grown in Po Valley (Italy)

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Poni, Stefano ; Porro, Duilio ; Camin, Federica ; Gatti,Matteo ; Bernizzoni, Fabio ; Civardi, Silvia
Book Group Author: NA

'Lambrusco a foglia frastagliata' grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) were grown outdoors at Piacenza (44℗'55'N, 9℗'44'E, Po Valley, Italy) with the root system split between two 30-L pots and subjected from pre-veraison (17 July) to harvest (5 September) to soil drying of half of the root system (HS) induced by withholding water from one of the two pots as compared to well-watered (WW) vines (both pots daily recharged at field capacity). Volumetric soil-water content, pre-dawn and mid-morning leaf water potential, single-leaf gas-exchange as assimilation rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration were monitored throughout the trial. Whole-canopy gas-exchange as net CO₂ exchange rate (NCER) and transpiration were tracked from 31 August to 7 September on three vines per treatment on a 24-h basis using an enclosure method. Primary leaf carbon isotope (Îþ ℗£℗đC) composition, yield components and must composition were determined at harvest. Withdrawing water from one pot triggered a water stress response showing higher stomatal sensitivity to changes in air vapour pressure deficit, relatively low assimilation rates, high intrinsic and extrinsic water-use efficiency (WUE) and earlier cessation of shoot growth. Yet, mid-morning leaf water potential was consistently lower in HS treatment over stress as compared to WW, indicating an anisohydric adjustment. Canopy NCER given on a leaf-area basis showed mean daily rates ranging from 3.9 to 4.9Îơmolm℗ø s⁻℗£ in WW canopies against 2.6-3.0Îơmolm⁻℗ø s⁻℗£ in HS. Conversely, canopy transpiration rates varied from 0.915 to 1.157mmolm⁻℗ø s⁻℗£ for WW to 0.630-0.714mmolm℗ø s⁻℗£ in HS. Increased leaf-based intrinsic and extrinsic WUE in HS did not match the canopy response, which to some extent resulted in an opposite outcome, i.e. higher canopy WUE in well-watered vines especially in the morning hours. Likewise, Îþ ℗£℗đC did not differ between treatments. This suggests caution when point-time determinations of single-leaf-based WUE are extrapolated to the whole-canopy behaviour when assessing the water saving strategies of a given genotype. The stressed vines achieved no variation in yield level and components and had improved grape composition as to soluble solids and total anthocyanins. This optimal behaviour is likely due to earlier shoot growth cessation, enhanced maturity and a buffering leaf-to-fruit ratio (3.61m℗ø kg⁻℗£) that mitigated the effects of post-veraison stress.

Pages: 97 - 106
Volume: 129
Number: 1-3
Journal: Agriculture, ecosystems & environment
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 01678809

carbon dioxide, stable isotopes, transpiration,photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, carbon, plant growth, crop yield,chemical composition, yield components, grape must, water stress,drought, water use efficiency, Vitis vinifera, wine grapes, deficitirrigation, leaves, gas exchange, leaf water potential, root systems,soil water content, Italy

Source: EBSCO
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